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Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh

At least 35 people, including 27 in Mizoram, were killed in Northeastern states on Tuesday due to landslides and incessant rain in the aftermath of Cyclone Remal.- The Hindu
Title image for the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image features satellite imagery of Cyclone Remal, its path across the Bay of Bengal, and data indicating wind speeds of 110 km/h (70 mph) and pressure of 973 hPa (mbar). The collage highlights the cyclone's significant impact on India and Bangladesh, underscoring the article's focus on this natural disaster.
 

Table of Contents

Introduction Section for the Article on Cyclone Remal.

Brief detail about Cyclone Remal.

Brief detail about Cyclone Remal.

Ground Reality and Impact of Cyclone Remal in India and Bangladesh.

Comparative Study: Cyclone Remal vs Cyclone Michaung.

Government Response and Future Cyclone Forecasts.

Conclusion.

 

Introduction Section for the Article on Cyclone Remal

In recent years, the world has witnessed increasingly severe climate events, highlighting the urgent need for addressing climate change and its impacts. At www.sdblognation.in, we have dedicated significant attention to these critical issues through a series of in-depth articles:

Building on this foundation, we now turn our focus to Cyclone Remal, the latest climatic event that has impacted West Bengal, parts of North Eastern India, and Bangladesh. This cyclone, which intensified on the night of May 26, 2024, serves as another stark reminder of the ongoing and escalating climate challenges we face.

 
Mid-article CTA image for the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'AQI Delhi: The Air We Breathe' highlights the severe air quality crisis in Delhi, featuring the city's Air Quality Index (AQI) reaching 405. It aims to draw attention to the broader climate change issues impacting the region, emphasizing the urgent need for understanding and tackling air quality problems.
Mid-article CTA image for the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Cyclone Michaung: Unraveling the Havoc' features satellite images of the cyclone's path and impact areas, emphasizing the comprehensive analysis of Cyclone Michaung's effects and the response efforts. The image aims to draw attention to the broader issue of climate change and its severe weather consequences.
Mid-article CTA image for the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'A Tale of Two Futures: Earth at the Brink of 1.5°C' features a split scene with one side showing a barren, scorched landscape and the other a lush, green environment, emphasizing the critical impact of climate change. The image aims to draw attention to the urgent need for climate action to prevent catastrophic warming.
Mid-article CTA image for the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Continuing the Rise: From 2023's Record Temp. to 2024's Climate Challenges' features a thermometer showing high temperatures, with a backdrop of people and water scarcity, emphasizing the ongoing climate change challenges. The image aims to draw attention to the urgency of addressing climate issues.
 

Brief detail about Cyclone Remal

This is the GIF image of Cyclone Remal, landfall 26th May'24.


Cyclone Remal formed on May 24, 2024, and dissipated on May 28, 2024. As the first cyclone of the year to hit the Bay of Bengal ahead of the monsoon season, it brought extensive damage and disruption to the affected regions. Making landfall on the Sundarban Delta at 8:30 pm on May 26, the cyclone recorded wind speeds between 90 and 120 kilometers per hour. The aftermath saw significant destruction, with at least 84 fatalities, including 65 in India and 19 in Bangladesh. The cyclone's powerful impact led to widespread power outages affecting around 27 million people in Bangladesh and extensive damage to over 15,000 houses in India.




Brief detail about Cyclone Remal

Intro-section image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Details About Cyclone Remal' includes a mind map detailing affected areas, formation and dissipation dates, landfall specifics, and the cyclone's impact, including fatalities, power outages, and damages. This visual aids the discussion on the 'Brief detail about Cyclone Remal'.

Cyclone Remal was a severe cyclonic storm that affected West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Northeast India, and Myanmar in May 2024. Here are some key details:

  • Formation and Dissipation: Cyclone Remal formed on May 24, 2024, and dissipated on May 28, 2024. It was the first cyclone to hit the Bay of Bengal that year, ahead of the June-September monsoon season.

  • Landfall: Cyclone Remal made landfall on West Bengal's Sundarban Delta at 8:30 pm on May 26, 2024, with wind speeds between 90 and 120 kph.

  • Impact: The cyclone caused significant damage, resulting in at least 84 fatalities, including 65 in India and 19 in Bangladesh. About 27 million people in Bangladesh were affected by power outages, and over 15,000 houses were damaged in India, with more than 200,000 people relocated to rescue camps.


Details on Cyclone Remal's Affected Areas

Intro-section (a) image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Details of Remal's Affected Areas' features a flowchart detailing the areas impacted by Cyclone Remal, including West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Northeast India, and Myanmar. It highlights the formation and dissipation dates, landfall location, and specific impacts on each region, such as heavy rainfall, wind damage, and economic devastation.

Cyclone Remal impacted several regions:

  • West Bengal: Coastal districts, including North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Kolkata, and Howrah, experienced severe rainfall and strong winds.

  • Odisha: The cyclone brought heavy rainfall and wind damage to several coastal areas.

  • Jharkhand: Heavy rain and strong winds affected various parts of the state.

  • Bangladesh: Coastal regions suffered from severe economic devastation, including the destruction of fish and shrimp farms, and damage to more than 150,000 houses.

  • Northeast India: Assam and other northeastern states experienced heavy rainfall and flooding.

  • Myanmar: Some coastal areas were also affected by the cyclone's impact.


IMD Report on Cyclone Remal

According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD):

  • The depression, a remnant of Cyclone Remal, moved east-northeastwards with a speed of 15 km/h.

  • It was centered over East Bangladesh, approximately 50 km west-northwest of Srimangal, 70 km south-southwest of Cherrapunji, 90 km north-northeast of Agartala, 100 km south-southwest of Shillong, 130 km west of Silchar, and 160 km west-southwest of Haflong.

Intro-section (b) image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Meteorological Events of Cyclone Remal' features a timeline detailing the cyclonic circulation detection, formation into a low-pressure area, depression, and deep depression by the IMD. It includes the cyclone's landfall and dissipation dates, and the specific impacts on West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Northeast India, and Myanmar, highlighting the IMD report on Cyclone Remal.

How long did Cyclone Remal last?

Cyclone Remal lasted for a period of five days:

  • Formation: May 24, 2024

  • Dissipation: May 28, 2024

  • Landfall: The cyclone made landfall at around 9 pm on May 26, 2024, and continued to affect the region for approximately 36 hours, making it one of the longest-lasting cyclones in the area's recent history.


Real cause of Cyclone Remal

Cyclone Remal formed due to several meteorological conditions:

  • A cyclonic circulation was first detected in the Bay of Bengal on May 21, 2024.

  • By May 22, a low-pressure area had formed.

  • On May 23, it developed into a well-marked low.

  • On May 24, it intensified into a depression (BOB 01) and subsequently into a deep depression.

  • Favorable high sea surface temperatures and low wind shear in the northern Bay of Bengal led to the formation of Cyclone Remal.

  • The cyclone intensified into a severe cyclonic storm by May 26, 2024, with sustained winds of 110 km/h.


Ground Reality and Impact of Cyclone Remal in India and Bangladesh

Section 2 image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Ground Reality and Impact of Cyclone Remal in India and Bangladesh' features a flowchart detailing the economic impact in India and Bangladesh, and the impact on life and livestock in both countries. It highlights specific details such as the collapse of a stone quarry in Mizoram, heavy rainfall in Assam, and significant losses in the fisheries and livestock sectors in Bangladesh.

Cyclone Remal, which hit India and Bangladesh in May 2024, had a profound impact on both countries, affecting lives, livestock, and the economy. Here’s an in-depth look at the consequences:


Economic Impact

India:
  • In Mizoram, heavy rain caused by the cyclone led to the collapse of a stone quarry in Aizawl, resulting in 27 deaths.

  • Several districts in Assam were placed on high alert due to forecasts of heavy to extremely heavy rainfall, which significantly impacted low-lying areas, crops, and infrastructure.

Bangladesh:
  • The cyclone devastated coastal regions, destroying fish and shrimp farms, and causing multimillion-dollar losses. Thousands were displaced, and homes were destroyed.

  • The fisheries and livestock sectors faced a huge economic loss of over Tk900 crore, with severe impacts on ponds, hatcheries, and enclosures due to heavy rain, floods, and tidal surges.


Impact on Life and Livestock

Human Losses:

India:
  • Cyclone Remal caused significant destruction in Northeastern India, with casualties reaching 27 in Mizoram alone .

  • In West Bengal, four people were killed, and over 77,000 were relocated to camps. The total death toll in India was reported to be 38 .

Bangladesh:
  • At least 16 people died, with victims succumbing to injuries en route to shelters, house collapses, and drowning during the storm . The total death toll in Bangladesh was 17 .


Livestock Losses:

India:
  • Detailed information on livestock losses is scarce, but the cyclone caused significant damage to houses, crops, and livestock .

Bangladesh:
  • The cyclone caused over Tk900 crore in losses to the fisheries and livestock sectors, impacting numerous ponds, hatcheries, and fisheries across coastal districts .


Key Statistics and Data Points

Section 2 (a) image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Key Data Points of Cyclone Remal' highlights the essential statistics of Cyclone Remal, including formation and dissipation dates, wind speeds, pressure, and fatalities. It also details the areas affected in India (West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Northeast India) and Bangladesh, and notes the significant power outages affecting 27 million people in Bangladesh.

  • Formation and Dissipation: Cyclone Remal formed on May 24, 2024, and dissipated on May 28, 2024 .

  • Wind Speeds: The cyclone had 3-minute sustained winds of 110 km/h (70 mph) and gusts of up to 140 km/h (85 mph) .

  • Pressure: The lowest pressure recorded was 973 hPa (mbar); 28.73 inHg .

  • Fatalities: The cyclone resulted in at least 84 fatalities, including 65 in India and 19 in Bangladesh .

  • Areas Affected: West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Northeast India, and Myanmar .

  • Power Outages: Approximately 27 million people in Bangladesh were affected by power outages .


Comparative Study: Cyclone Remal vs Cyclone Michaung

Section 3 image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Comparison: Cyclone Remal vs Cyclone Michaung' features a table comparing the key statistics of Cyclone Remal and Cyclone Michaung. It includes details such as formation and dissipation dates, highest winds, lowest pressure, fatalities, affected areas, and economic losses. This visual aids the discussion on the comparative study between the two cyclones.

Human, Economic, and Livestock Losses


Cyclone Michaung:

  • Formed: December 1, 2023 .

  • Dissipated: December 6, 2023 .

  • Highest Winds: 100 km/h (65 mph) .

  • Lowest Pressure: 986 hPa (mbar); 29.12 inHg .

  • Fatalities: 17 .

  • Areas Affected: India (Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh), Bangladesh .

  • Economic Loss: Estimated over Rs 11,000 crore .


Cyclone Remal:

  • Formed: May 24, 2024 .

  • Dissipated: May 28, 2024 .

  • Highest Winds: 110 km/h (70 mph) .

  • Lowest Pressure: 973 hPa (mbar); 28.73 inHg .

  • Fatalities: 84 (65 in India, 19 in Bangladesh) .

  • Areas Affected: West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar .

  • Economic Loss: Over Tk900 crore in Bangladesh .


Comparison:

  • Cyclone Remal had a lower pressure and higher wind speeds, indicating a stronger storm compared to Cyclone Michaung.

  • Cyclone Remal caused significantly more fatalities and affected a broader area, including Northeast India and Myanmar.

  • Economic losses from Cyclone Michaung were higher in monetary terms, but Cyclone Remal had a broader impact on fisheries and livestock sectors in Bangladesh.

 

Read more on Cyclone Michaung on our detailed article the link is given below:

 

Government Response and Future Cyclone Forecasts

Section 4 image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Government Response and Future Cyclone Forecasts' features a mind map detailing the responses of the Indian and Bangladeshi governments to Cyclone Remal. It includes India's proactive measures, NDRF deployment, state initiatives, evacuation and relief efforts, and Bangladesh's extensive preparation and UN assistance. The image also discusses future cyclone forecasts in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.

Government Response to the Effects of Cyclone Remal

The governments of India and Bangladesh took several measures in response to Cyclone Remal to mitigate its impact and ensure the safety of their citizens.

India:

  • Preparedness: Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired a meeting to review the preparedness for Cyclone Remal, directing the Ministry of Home Affairs to monitor the situation and provide necessary assistance for restoration after the cyclone's landfall.

  • NDRF Deployment: The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) deployed 12 teams, with an additional 5 teams on standby. Rescue and relief teams from the Army, Navy, and Coast Guard, along with ships and aircraft, were prepared for action.

  • State Initiatives: The Indian Navy intensified preparations with ships, helicopters, and relief teams. State governments also readied State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) teams for relief efforts. Nine disaster relief teams were on standby in various states.

  • Evacuation and Relief: In West Bengal, authorities began recovery efforts to clear roads, remove uprooted trees, and assist people returning home from shelters.

Bangladesh:

  • Evacuations: The weather office raised its storm danger signal to the highest level for two ports and nine coastal districts. Evacuations were carried out in coastal areas, with nearly 8,000 cyclone shelters set up and 78,000 volunteers mobilized.

  • UN Assistance: UN teams worked alongside local authorities and relief partners to assist affected communities, providing emergency food, water, dignity kits, and other essential relief items.


Detailed Government and Relief Efforts

Preparation and Evacuation:

  • India: The government took proactive measures to prepare for the cyclone, including deploying NDRF teams and holding high-level meetings to coordinate efforts. The Indian Navy's readiness with ships, helicopters, and relief teams was a crucial part of the preparation.

  • Bangladesh: The setup of nearly 8,000 cyclone shelters and mobilization of 78,000 volunteers showcased the extensive preparation efforts. Evacuations were carried out to ensure the safety of residents in the most vulnerable areas.

Rescue and Relief Operations:

  • India: In Manipur, where Cyclone Remal caused widespread flooding, the state government initiated active rescue and relief operations. Fishermen assisted in evacuation efforts in badly-hit areas of Imphal.

  • West Bengal: Recovery efforts involved clearing roads, removing uprooted trees, and helping people return from shelters. The authorities aimed to ensure safe passage by clearing debris and restoring basic infrastructure.

  • Bangladesh: UN teams, in collaboration with local authorities, provided critical support to the affected communities, prepositioning emergency supplies and identifying shelters.


Future Forecast of Cyclonic Activities in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea

Section 4 (a) image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Future Forecast of Cyclonic Activities' features a flowchart detailing the future forecast of cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. It includes information about system movements, sea surface temperatures, cyclone formation, and wind speeds, highlighting the increased vulnerability of India's west coast to severe storms.

Bay of Bengal:

  • A system is likely to move west-northwestwards and intensify into a depression over the southeast Bay of Bengal. This system is expected to further intensify into a cyclonic storm within the subsequent 48 hours. Sea surface temperatures in the Bay of Bengal are currently favorable for cyclone formation, with central and northern areas experiencing temperatures of 32°C or more.

Arabian Sea:

  • The Arabian Sea has become a cyclone hotspot, with faster warming increasing the vulnerability of India's west coast to severe storms. A tropical depression in the Arabian Sea is expected to deepen into a tropical cyclone within the next 48 hours, moving northwards with wind speeds around the center ranging from 90-120 km/h.


Conclusion

Cyclone Remal has left a profound impact on the regions it affected, notably West Bengal, parts of North Eastern India, and Bangladesh. This article has delved into various aspects of the cyclone's impact, providing a comprehensive overview of the events and their aftermath.


Key Data Points from the Article:

Conclusion Section image from the article 'Cyclone Remal: Devastating Impact in India & Bangladesh' on www.sdblognation.in. The image titled 'Key Data Points for Cyclone Remal' features a table summarizing the critical details from the article, including formation and dissipation dates, wind speeds, pressure, fatalities, affected areas, houses damaged, power outages, economic impact, government response, international support, comparison with Cyclone Michaung, and future cyclone forecasts.

  • Formation and Dissipation: Cyclone Remal formed on May 24, 2024, and dissipated on May 28, 2024. It was the first cyclone of the year to hit the Bay of Bengal ahead of the monsoon season.

  • Landfall and Wind Speeds: The cyclone made landfall on the Sundarban Delta at 8:30 pm on May 26, with wind speeds between 90 and 120 km/h (70 mph), and gusts up to 140 km/h (85 mph).

  • Pressure: The lowest pressure recorded for Cyclone Remal was 973 hPa (mbar); 28.73 inHg.

  • Fatalities: The cyclone resulted in at least 84 fatalities, including 65 in India and 19 in Bangladesh.

  • Affected Areas: Cyclone Remal impacted West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Northeast India, and Myanmar. Nearly 15,000 houses were damaged in India, and about 27 million people in Bangladesh experienced power outages.

  • Economic Impact: In India, the cyclone caused significant economic damage to crops, infrastructure, and property, especially in Assam and Mizoram. In Bangladesh, the cyclone caused a huge economic loss of over Tk900 crore to the fisheries and livestock sectors.

  • Government Response: The governments of India and Bangladesh took extensive measures to prepare for and respond to the cyclone. In India, the NDRF and other rescue teams were deployed, and the Navy was put on high alert. In Bangladesh, mass evacuations were carried out, and nearly 8,000 cyclone shelters were set up.

  • International Support: UN teams assisted in Bangladesh, providing emergency supplies and identifying shelters.

  • Comparison with Cyclone Michaung: Cyclone Remal had a lower pressure and higher wind speeds than Cyclone Michaung, resulting in more fatalities and a broader impact area. Economic losses from Cyclone Michaung were higher in monetary terms, but Remal significantly affected fisheries and livestock in Bangladesh.

  • Future Forecast: Predictions indicate a high likelihood of new cyclones forming in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, with sea surface temperatures favorable for cyclone formation.

Cyclone Remal underscores the increasing frequency and intensity of cyclonic activities in the Bay of Bengal region, driven by climate change. The extensive damage, both human and economic, highlights the urgent need for enhanced disaster preparedness and resilient infrastructure. As the region braces for future climatic events, the lessons learned from Cyclone Remal will be crucial in mitigating the impacts of such natural disasters.

 

Reference

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